## Las Problemas (The Problems)

### Amanda YatesPolk County Schools

#### Description

Students will review math vocabulary in the target language and create math problems in the target language.

#### Objectives

The student recognizes and appropriately uses oral syntax (grouping of words into sentences and phrases) and inflection in spoken target language.

#### Materials

-Chart paper
-Markers
-Vocabulary notes
-Paper and pencil for each student
-Sample word problems

#### Preparations

1. Have the math terms written on a piece of chart paper. Write: menos- minus divido- divide y- add son- equals hay-there is, there are Cuantos hay?-How many are there?
2. Print the sample word problems from the file and use them to write the problems on the board.
3. Have textbooks accessible to the students (for #s1-100).

#### Procedures

1. Orally review some simple math terms in Spanish. Words to review:
y- plus menos- minus divido-divide
por-multiply son-equals Cuantos hay?-How many are there?
Hay-There is, There are
Review by calling on students to say the Spanish word for each English math term.

2. Review numbers from 1-100. Instruct students to go around the room, by rows, counting alooud in Spanish. Have students stop when they reach 100.
Tell students the page in their textbook where they can find numbers 1-100 written in Spanish.

3. Write the sample word problems on the board. Call on a student to read the problem aloud. Offer guidance and feedback.

4. Call on another student to translate the problem to English.

5. Call on another student to say the answer in Spanish and then in English.

6. Tell the students that they are to use the vocabulary they have learned so far, to make up 5 of their own word problems. They must write the problems in Spanish. When they are finished they will swap with another student and solve each other's problems and write a math sentence using the words in #1. Have students return the papers and practice one problem to be read and solved aloud.

8. Give the students 20-25 minutes to write the problems. Walk around the room and make sure that they are on the right track.

9. When all students have finished, have the students exchange papers and solve the problems. Make sure they write their namess on the bottoms and identify themselves as the problem solvers.

10. Call on students to share a problem and the answer they obtained. Keep a checklist to note which students need additional help on syntax and grammar in the target language.

11. Give positive/corrective feedback.

12. Collect the problems/solutions.

#### Assessments

Observe the students while they are working. Check the oral work for content, correct Spanish grammar usage, and answers given to the problems. Give each student positive/corrective feedback. Allow the students to restate the problems until they reach mastery of the syntax.

#### Extensions

1. Have students create word problems, using new vocabulary, such as family words.
2. After you have taught numbers higher than 100, have students create word problems, using those higher numbers.
3. Use this lesson with limited English students, but have them write the problems in English and translate them to Spanish.

#### Attached Files

Sample Word Problems     File Extension: pdf