## Telling Time to the Hour

### Tammy Hales

#### Description

Students learn to tell time to the hour.

#### Objectives

The student uses and describes basic measurement concepts including length, weight, digital and analog time, temperature, and capacity.

#### Materials

-Books such as Time to Wake Up! by Marisabina Russo
-Enlarged number cards 1 - 12
-Enlarged hour hand
-Enlarged minute hand
-12 student clocks
-Drawing paper and crayons

#### Preparations

1.Gather materials

3.Read through Time to Wake Up!

#### Procedures

1. During circle time on the carpet, read a book like, Time to Wake Up! by Marisabina Russo. Have an instructional clock nearby as you read. Have volunteers tell what time they woke up. Display this time on the clock. Then display what time school starts.

2. Have the children sit on the edge of the carpet in a big square/circle. In the middle, have the numbers 1-12 arranged as an analog clock. Have the hour hand on the one and the minute hand on the twelve. Explain how the hour hand is short and tells the hour, and the minute hand is long and tells the minutes. Explain that when the minute (long) hand is on the twelve, we say -o'clock.- Give each child an opportunity to move the hour hand and read the clock.

3.a. Give half of the children in your class a student instructional clock with the minute hand taped to the 12.

b. Have the children with the clocks form a circle. Ask them to set their clocks to any hour.

c. Have the rest of the class walk clockwise in a circle around the children with the clocks.

d. At a signal, have the walkers stop beside a child holding a clock and tell the time.

e. Have children exchange roles and play again.

4.a. Have children relocate to their tables to sit. Remind the children that when the minute (long) hand is on the twelve we say -o'clock- and the hour (short) hand tells the hour. Show the children examples as you talk (starting with one, two, three, and so on.)

b. Discuss activities children usually do at each hour throughout the day.

c. Have children draw pictures of activities they do at different hours throughout the day.

d. Compile the children's pictures to make a class book.

#### Assessments

Observe and listen for correct responses to questions concerning time during circle activities and discussions at tables. Assess students' drawings to see if they understood what was appropriate for specific hours of the day.

#### Extensions

Make analog clocks for each student using paper plates, brads, crayons to draw on numbers, and the two hands--hour and minute.